African history - Media kompetensi



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African history

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Algeria is a country located in North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the largest country in the region and is the tenth largest country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Algiers. The Algerian history can be traced back to the Paleolithic period.

The Phoenicians arrived in the area in the 9th century BCE and established trading posts in the area. In the 7th century BCE, the Berber people established a kingdom in the region. This kingdom was eventually replaced by the Roman Empire in the 1st century BCE. The Roman Empire brought Christianity to the region, and it was accepted by many of the Berbers.

In the 5th century, the Vandals invaded Algeria and established their own kingdom. This kingdom was eventually conquered by the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century. The Byzantine Empire was replaced by the Arab Umayyad Caliphate in the 7th century, and this was followed by the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 8th century.

The Ottoman Empire invaded Algeria in the 16th century and by the 19th century had established their rule in the region. In 1830, France invaded and took control of Algeria, and the country remained under French rule until 1962 when Algeria gained its independence.

Since independence, Algeria has been ruled by a series of authoritarian regimes. In the 1990s, the country was involved in a civil war between Islamist forces and the government. The civil war ended in 2002, and since then Algeria has been transitioning from an authoritarian regime to a more democratic system.

The history of Algeria is complex and intertwined with the history of the surrounding countries. It is a country with a rich cultural history and a unique identity. It has also experienced a tumultuous past and is in the process of transitioning to a more democratic system.

Algeria has a long and complex history, stretching back to pre-Roman times. The earliest recorded inhabitants of the region were the Berbers, who established a number of city-states and kingdoms throughout the region. These included the Numidian Kingdom, which was established in the 4th century BC and controlled much of the region until the arrival of the Romans in the 1st century BC. Under Roman rule, the region was known as Mauretania Caesariensis and became an important part of the Roman Empire.

In the 5th century AD, the region was conquered by the Vandals, and later by the Byzantine Empire. It was then invaded by the Arabs in the 7th century AD, leading to the introduction of Islam to the region. In the 16th century, Algeria was invaded and occupied by the Ottoman Empire, who ruled the region until the 19th century. During this period, Algeria was known as the Regency of Algiers.

In 1830, the French invaded Algeria and established a colony, which they ruled for the next 132 years. During this period, Algeria was known as French Algeria, and the French imposed their language and culture on the region. After a long struggle for independence, Algeria finally gained its freedom in 1962. Since then, the country has undergone a period of rapid modernization and has become an important part of the Arab world.