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Field Study Cambodia

Environmental
Phnom Kulen Waterfall National Park
Siem Reap, Cambodia, Asia
Overview
Rate Average 69.00 USD Visit the sacred peak of Kulen Mountain and explore the natural landscapes of the surrounding Phnom Kulen National Park on this full-day tour from Siem Reap. Take in the views from the mountaintop, admire the 16th-century reclining Buddha statue, and hike to Kulen Waterfall. Full-day Phnom Kulen National Park tour from Siem Reap Discover the mountaintop reclining Buddha Statue and learn about its importance to the Linga Cult Admire natural wonders such as Kulen Mountain and Kulen Waterfall Great-value tour includes hotel pickup and round-trip transport Departure Point Traveler pickup is offered '' We will pick you up at your staying hotel's lobby '' @ Time 7:30 am To 8:30 am, " Be ready before departure time " Departure Time 8:30 AM Hotel pickups commence approximately 30 - 60 minutes prior to this time Itinerary Stop At: Phnom Kulen National Park Enjoy Phnom Kulen National Park & view the magnificent waterfall. Duration: 4 hours Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: 1000 Lingas Enjoy tour with our smile services Duration: 20 minutes Admission Ticket Included 

History
Angkor Wat Tour from Siem Reap
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Overview
Rate Average 75.00 USD Uncover the UNESCO-listed wonders of Angkor on a private full-day tour from Siem Reap. Marvel at the world-famous temple of Angkor Wat and uncover the fascinating history of the Khmer Empire on a tour of the vast ruins. Then, set out to explore the majestic temples of Bayon and Banteay Kde, stroll through the eerily overgrown temple of Ta Prohm and take in the views from the Terrace of the Leper King and the Terrace of the Elephants. Full-day private tour of Angkor Wat from Siem Reap Explore the UNESCO-listed ruins of Angkor Wat and the Angkor complex Visit highlights like the Terrace of the Elephants, Ta Prohm Temple, and Banteay Kde Travel by air-conditioned vehicle with a private guide and driver Ideal introduction to Angkor Wat for first-time visitors This private tour ensures you receive personalized attention from your guide Departure Point Traveler pickup is offered Departure Point: Individual guest's Hotel Dates: Daily Return point: Returns to original departure point Departure Time 8:00 AM Experience the best of Angkor Wat in 1 day on this private tour from Siem Reap. Explore UNESCO-listed Angkor Wat, with sites like Terrace of the Elephants and Terrace of the Leper King as well as temples like Bayon, Banteay Kde, and Ta Prohm. Be picked up from your hotel in a private air-conditioned vehicle. Sit back and relax as you journey to the ancient Angkor Wat complex to discover the world's largest religious monument; including its forested area, it spreads over 155 square miles (400 sq km). Start your tour with a visit to this national symbol of Cambodia. Marvel at its architectural grandeur as well as its ancient shrines featuring traditional Khmer designs, unique sculptures, and intricate carvings. Next, visit the last-known capital of the Khmer Empire, Angkor Thom. Wander around this ancient walled city, and as you enter through the massive south gates, be greeted by lines of statues of demons and gods, each carrying a giant naga (a snake-like deity). Continue to Terrace of the Elephants and Terrace of the Leper King, used as a viewing platform and a royal cremation site by the Angkor King Jayavarman VII. Afterward, explore the Bayon, featuring distinctive stone structures influenced by Baroque-inspired Khmer architecture. Break for a delicious lunch before visiting the historic Banteay Kdei temple and picturesque Ta Prohm. After a day of exploration, your transfer brings you back to your hotel.

Banteay Srei & 4 Temples Join
Krong Siem Reap, Cambodia
Overview
Rate Average 15.00 USD After seeing the mighty Angkor Wat, take a day trip from Siem Reap to explore some of the region’s other magnificent temples. Visit the Hindu temple Pre Rup temple; admire the grand Banteay Srei temple, the ‘Citadel of Women’; and learn more about the ancient Khmer empire as you tour the Ta Som and East Mebon temples. Full-day tour of Banteay Srei, Pre Rup, and Ta Som temples from Siem Reap Admire the pink-stone façade of Banteay Srei temple Explore ancient Khmer temples including Ta Som, Pre Rup, and Preah Khan Great-value tour includes hotel pickup and round-trip transport Small-group tour limited to 10 people ensures a personalized experience Departure Point Sivutha Blvd, Krong Siem Reap, Cambodia Free pickup from your hotel is provided. We will collect you up to 30 minutes before the tour start time. Ensure you inform us of your hotel name and location. Departure Time 8:30 AM Times are subject to change due to local traffic conditions. Hotel pickups commence approximately 30 - 60 minutes prior to this time Return Details Returns to original departure point Itinerary Stop At: Banteay Srei Visit Banteay Srei Temple Duration: 2 hours Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Preah Khan Visit Preah Khan Temple Duration: 1 hour Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Eastern Mebon Visit East Mebon Temple Duration: 1 hour Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Pre Rup Visit Pre Rup Temple Duration: 1 hour Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Ta Som Visit Ta Som Temple Duration: 1 hour Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Siem Reap Shuttle Tours Tour gathering and end point. Hotel dropoff available. Duration: 15 minutes Admission Ticket Free 

Workshop
Khmer Cooking Class at a Local's Home in Krong Siem Reap
Krong Siem Reap, Cambodia
Overview
Rate Average 25.65 USD There’s no better route into any culture than cuisine. Discover Khmer food with a local in their home on this intimate, small-group cooking class. After pickup by tuk-tuk, shop for ingredients at the local market, then prepare and enjoy a 4-course meal including delights such as hot and sour “tom yam” soup and fish in banana leaf. Choose between three different class times, all capped at just six travelers. Learn the fine art of Khmer cuisine from a local in their home Enjoy hands-on support and advice in a group no larger than six Choose between three convenient class times, both lunch and dinner Relax with door-to-door round-trip transfers by traditional tuk-tuk Sample Menu Starter Green Mango Salad with Smoke Fish/Pomelo Prawn Salad/Beef Salad Main Tom Yam Seafood with Khmer Spice/Khmer Bar Fish Amok Sweet and Sour Fried Chicken/Fried Chicken with Cashew Nut Vegetable Tempura/Vegetable Curry/Pineapple Fried Rice Vegetarian Dessert Banana with Coconut Milk/Sweet Potato with Palm Sugar Departure Point Wat Po BantearyChey Road ក្រុងសៀមរាប, Krong Siem Reap 17259, Cambodia Return Details Returns to original departure point Experience walking around the local market to find fresh ingredients for the dishes before making your way to a local’s house for the private cooking class. Learn valuable tricks and tips on preparing Cambodian cuisines from your local expert and try your hands at cooking 4 authentic Khmer cuisines that include the savory Fish Amok and the famous Tom Yum. Make your Cambodia trip memorable by joining a fun cooking class that will let you discover the secrets to Cambodia’s most famous dishes. Notes: If you are vegetarian or allergy with some kind of food please let me know then we can possible make allowances for this.

Cambodian Pottery Class in Siem Reap
Siem Reap, Cambodia
Overview
Rate Average 25.65 USD Discover the time-honored tradition of making Cambodian ceramics during a pottery workshop in Siem Reap — a perfect family activity. An expert artist demonstrates methods of molding pieces on a pottery wheel, then helps you shape your own bowl and create Khmer designs with the proper carving tools. Your masterpiece will be ready for pickup the next day, along with a potter's diploma, after firing in a kiln overnight. This 1.45-hour experience includes hotel transport by tuk-tuk. Learn the hard of pottery making using a traditional Khmer tools Enjoy hands-on direction from a ceramic artist Collect your item the very next day Hotel transfer via tuk-tuk included Departure Point Traveler pickup is offered We pickup from any hotel in Siem Reap Learn to spin a pottery wheel and use Khmer carving tools to fashion Cambodian ceramics during a 2-hour workshop session. At your selected time, you're transferred by tuk-tuk on a quick ride from the city center to the studio. There, a professional local artist demonstrates how to make Cambodian masterpieces. Under the expert eye of your instructor, have a go at the pottery wheel and mold a bowl from local clay. Once you’re satisfied with your piece, use can use a variety of special tools to add kbach (ornamentation) to your artwork. Afterward, you’re returned to your hotel by tuk-tuk. Your pottery will be fired in the kiln overnight and will be ready for pickup the following day after 4pm safely packed along with a potter’s diploma, so you can display your souvenir for your friends and family back home. If you prefer to have your pieces shipped home, it can be arranged at your own expense.

Think Tanks

The official Publications  the opendevelopmentcambodia
Environment and natural resources
 3 March 2015  Environment and natural resources

Cambodia’s environment provides natural resources including forests, waterways, plants and wildlife. Natural resources also include minerals, energy and extractives. The environment is varied, covering at least seven distinct landscapes across the country.

Just under two-thirds of Cambodia’s population depend on agriculture, forest products and fisheries for their livelihoods,1 so the management of the environment and natural resources is of great importance. Cambodia’s environment is also considered a resource for the world. Part of the Burma Indochina Hotspot, Cambodia is a treasure house of biodiversity. So far, around 8,260 species of plant, 874 species of fish, 500 species of bird and  more than 250 species of amphibian and reptile have been identified.2 On the Red List of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), 264 species are listed as threatened in Cambodia.3 However, economic development has led to significant environmental changes since the 1990s.

Although Cambodia’s geography is dominated by the low-lying central plains that make up about three-quarters of the country, there are several other distinct landscapes: forested highlands (including the Cardamon, Dangrek and Chhlong mountains; flooded forest; the Tonle Sap lake and Mekong river system; the eastern plains or highlands; central forest; the coastal region that includes mangrove wetlands; and islands of the Gulf of Thailand.

With about two-thirds of Cambodia—including the Tonle Sap—sitting in the Mekong basin, it’s environment and ecosystems contribute significantly to the health of the whole Mekong region, and especially the Mekong Delta. From as early as 2001, the FAO has highlighted changes to the Tonle Sap ecosystem brought on by siltation, agro-chemicals, other pollution, changes to hydrology, irrigation and transportation, as well as the fact that these changes impact the broader Mekong system.4 This highlights some of the main challenges facing Cambodia’s environment and natural resources as the country’s economy develops. The growing and increasingly urban population, who are earning more and demanding a more modern life-style, are putting pressure on land, food resources and transportation needs.
Environmental policy
The Ministry of Environment is responsible for implementing the Environment Law and associated regulations, in-line with the Constitution’s mandate that the state take responsibility to “protect the environment and balance of abundant natural resources”.5 

The Ministry of the Environment’s Climate Change Department released its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) policy in October 2015, which targets a 27 percent cut in greenhouse gas emissions from the projected status quo levels for 2030. In addition, it sets a target of increasing forest cover to 60 percent of total land area by 2030. Prior to the release of this policy, expenditure on climate change was set to grow to 1.5 percent of GDP by 2018.6

Care of the environment and natural resources is a focus in many strategy documents. The government’s Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency gives high priority to environmental protection. Cambodia’s Millennium Development Goals included a specific goal to “integrate principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources.”7 The National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) for 2014–2018 states the importance of protecting natural resources and sustainable development.8

The 1993 Royal Decree on the Protection of Natural Areas, administered by the Ministry of Environment, recognized 23 protected areas in four categories:

natural parks,
wildlife preserves,
protected scenic view areas, and
multi-purpose areas.
At the time, these covered more than 18 per cent of the country’s total land area.9

Cambodia’s Resource Governance Index ‘poor’ grade of 30 out of 100 points in 2017 placed it 79th out of 89 countries and 14th out of 15 countries in the Asia/Pacific. The score, for its early-stage gold mining, reflected poor ratings for national budgeting and licences in particular.10

Environmental value
The government has recognized the contribution various areas of the country’s environment and natural resources make to the economy, and development. Their National Forest Sector Policy identifies socio-economic development and poverty reduction as two of the driving factors behind its sustainable forest management activities.11 Some report, however, that despite a strong legislative framework for the environment, it is either ignored or side-stepped for short-term personal gain.12

The World Bank has estimated the total value of Cambodia’s natural resource rents as a percentage of GDP. This shows the contribution that natural resources (such as forest timber) make to the country’s economic output. This has fallen in recent decades, from a high of 8.3 percent in 1995 to 1.9 percent in 2016, as other industries such as manufacturing have grown.13

Conservation of the environment indirectly contributes to tourism income through eco-tourism programs, which made up 1.3 per cent of all tourism arrivals in 2014. In the same year, tourism contributed US$2.736 billion to the economy.14

Besides the environment’s financial value, areas of Cambodia’s natural landscape have high cultural and spiritual value to the country’s indigenous groups. For instance, the Prey Lang Community Network reports that approximately 200,000 Kuy people depend on the central forest area known as Prey Lang for their livelihoods, and their social and spiritual traditions are tied to the forest.15 Other indigenous and Khmer community groups make similar claims across the country.

Cambodia has a rich bio-diversity, including an array of diverse organisms and forest resource on which many poor people in the countryside depend for livelihood. However, in recent years the forest resource has increasingly come under pressure from economic land utilization. Meanwhile, the country is known to be vulnerable to impacts of climate change due to its low adaptation capacity. Rural populations are most at risk to destructive climatic events such flood and drought.16"