Neuschwanstein and Linderhof Castle

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Concert in St. Anne's Church in Vienna: Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn & Schubert

Field Study Austria
Hallstatt Small-Group Day Trip from Vienna
Vienna, Austria, Europe
Overview
Rate Average 183.58 USD Discover Hallstatt and its surrounding attractions on a full-day small-group tour from Vienna. Travel by private transportation and discover more points of interest in less time. Listen as your guide narrates the sights and make stops at filming locations for 'The Sound of Music' and more. Enjoy a sightseeing tour of Hallstatt followed by free time to explore independently, before your comfortable return journey. Get the personalized experience of a small group Relax in comfortable round trip transportation Enjoy free time to explore independently Visit a UNESCO World Heritage Site Departure Point Traveler pickup is offered Pick-up at your hotel or private apartment in Vienna (except outer districts). Ports Vienna Port DDSG Departure Time 7:00 AM Itinerary Pass By: Mondsee Take some memorable pictures of Lake Mondsee. Pass By: Mozarthaus St. Gilgen See and take pictures of the house where Mozart's mother was born. Stop At: St Gilgen Enjoy the Alpine ambience before reaching the main destination of your trip and stroll around the streets of lovely St. Gilgen. Take some memorable pictures of Lake Wolfgang. Duration: 20 minutes Admission Ticket Free Stop At: Hallstatt Once in Hallstatt, meet your local expert tour guide upon arrival and enjoy an informative guided walking tour covering the most remarkable landmarks of the town. Discover hidden secrets of Hallstatt on your own in your free time after the sightseeing tour. Duration: 3 hours 30 minutes Admission Ticket Free

Concert in St. Anne's Church in Vienna: Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn & Schubert
Vienna, Austria, Europe
Overview
Rate Average 33.48 USD Discover a highlight in Vienna's cultural calendar and enjoy an evening of beautiful music during this classical concert in St. Anne's Church. Take your seat and admire the building’s breathtaking architecture. When the orchestra starts up, listen as your favorite pieces of classical music come to life and marvel at the impressive acoustics. Hear classical pieces from Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, and Schubert from the talented string ensemble, and enjoy beautiful solos from performers of international renown. Classical music experience at St. Anne's Church in Vienna Be charmed by the splendid acoustics and the unique baroque ambiance Enjoy musical works by the great composers of classical music like Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, and Schubert Free choice of seating and a program are included Departure Point St. Anna's Church, Annagasse 3b, Vienna 1010 Austria Departure Time 8:00 PM Itinerary Stop At: St. Anna's Church Dress to impress and make your way to the Annakirche (St. Anne's Church) in central Vienna by 8:00pm and take a seat inside one of the city's most beautiful baroque buildings. Depending on the evening, listen to an hourlong concert of selected works by Mozart, Beethoven, or Schubert. The music is played on period instruments, by renowned musicians studied at some of Europe's finest music academies. Take in the sounds of the live string quartet as they perform works by three masterful composers; each of whom lived and worked in Vienna during some point in their careers. At the end of the hour, make your way back from the church, having experienced something truly unique—chamber music played in the venue for which it was originally composed. Admission Ticket Included

Kursalon Vienna: Johann Strauss and Mozart Concert
Vienna, Austria, Europe
Overview
Rate Average 72.74 USD Enjoy an evening of Viennese classical music during a performance at the Kursalon Vienna concert hall. Listen to renowned works from Mozart and Strauss in a show complete with opera singers, ballet dancers, piano concertos and more. Settle into your selected seat and enjoy the very spot where the waltz was made famous in the 19th century. Viennese classical concert at the Kursalon Vienna Soak up the historic atmosphere of the concert hall where Johann Strauss’ musical career flourished Enjoy a stunning musical performance accompanied by opera singers and ballet dancers Relish the piano and orchestra masterpieces of Strauss, Mozart and more Choose a seat in the rear, middle, or front section of the concert hall, or upgrade to the two front rows Receive a glass of sparkling wine with a concert program and CD (if VIP category selected) Departure Point Kursalon Wien - Sound of Vienna, Johannesgasse 33, Vienna 1010 Austria Make your own way to the famed hall to begin your evening. Admire the venue's unique blend of history and magnificent modern flair, with four ballrooms and a large terrace with views over Stadtpark. Settle into your selected seat and relax as the Salonorchester Alt Wien concert begins. Soak up a show filled with waltzes, polkas, operetta and piano concerto melodies, accompanied by ballet dancers and opera vocalists. Hear pieces such as Mozart’s ‘Rondo alla Turca’ and the overture to the opera Le Nozze di Figaro, as well as Strauss’ ‘A Little Night Music,’ ‘On the Beautiful Blue Danube' and more. If you've booked a VIP ticket, enjoy prime seating in the first two rows and a glass of sparkling wine during at intermission. You also receive a Johann Strauss CD and a Kursalon Orchestra program to take home. After the performance, make your own way back to your hotel or linger in the area to continue your evening out in Vienna. Itinerary Stop At: Kursalon Wien - Sound of Vienna Enjoy a Viennese classical concert at the Kursalon Vienna concert hall. The Kursalon Vienna was built in 1867 as a recreation resort. Today it is an event and concert location in exclusive surroundings. Admission Ticket Included 

Melk Hallstatt and Salzburg from Vienna - Sound of Music
Vienna, Austria, Europe
Overview
Rate Average 374.66 USD Experience the top sights of Lower Austria in a single day on a private 12-hour tour from Vienna. All-inclusive transportation from your hotel allows you to sit back and appreciate the stunning scenery. Enjoy visits to Melk Abbey, Hallstatt Ossuary, and Mozart’s hometown Salzburg. Be ready to do your best Maria von Trapp impression, as you make stops at filming locations from ‘The Sound of Music’. Get the personalized experience of a private tour Enjoy free admission to the Hallstatt Ossuary Travel comfortably in a private car/minivan Take a break from the hustle and bustle Departure Point Traveler pickup is offered Airports Vienna Intl Airport, Wien-Flughafen, Schwechat Austria Departure Time 8:00 AM Itinerary Stop At: Melk We will take you on a private ride to the Lower Austria to the famous lake district. With a first stop at a Benedictine abbey above the town of Melk, Lower Austria, which is on a rocky outcrop overlooking the Danube river, adjoining the Wachau valley.TThe abbey contains remains of several members of the House of Babenberg, Austria's first ruling dynasty. Your driver will take you to the top of Abbey where you will have a great view of the town Melk, nearby gardens and the famous abbey. Admission Ticket Free Stop At: Hallstatt We will then continue further into the Lake district and drive through beautiful towns like Bad Ischl and take a stop in the picturesque village of Hallstatt which is known for its production of salt, dating back to prehistoric times, and gave its name to the Hallstatt culture, a culture often linked to Celtic, Admission Ticket Free Stop At: Salzburg After this remarkable visit we will continue to the town of music through other lake towns and visit the, birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Salzburg, enjoy top sights such as UNESCO protected Old Town, Fortress as well as “The Sound of Music” filming locations. In the late afternoon drive back to your hotel/accommodation in Vienna. Admission Ticket Free

Budapest Small-Group Day
Vienna, Austria, Europe
Overview
Rate Average 172.03 USD Get more out of your time in Vienna by going on an action-packed day trip to Budapest. You’ll have a hassle-free day as round-trip transportation is included. Once you arrive in Budapest, a guide will take you on a tour of the most important city sites, so you won’t need to navigate. Highlights include views from Gellért Hill, Fisherman’s Bastion, the Hungarian Parliament, Heroes’ Square, and St. Stephen's Basilica. See multiple Budapest highlights in one day such as the Castle District Vienna hotel pickup and drop-off included A small-group tour means a more personalized experience Explore Budapest with a guide so you don’t get lost Departure Point Traveler pickup is offered We pick up all travelers at their hotel/private apartment in Vienna (except outer districts). Ports Vienna Port DDSG Departure Time 7:00 AM Itinerary Stop At: Citadel Enjoy the most breathtaking views of the Hungarian capital. Duration: 20 minutes Admission Ticket Free Stop At: Buda Castle Discover different areas of the Castle District and enjoy the interesting commentary of your guide. Duration: 45 minutes Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Matthias Church Take amazing pictures of this historic place. Duration: 5 minutes Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Fisherman's Bastion Enjoy a great view of the Danube and Pest. Duration: 5 minutes Admission Ticket Not Included Stop At: Ruszwurm Confectionery Visit the oldest café in Budapest and enjoy the taste of Hungary's most popular cakes (optional). Duration: 5 minutes Admission Ticket Free Pass By: Budapest Take beautiful pictures from different angles of one of the largest Parliament Houses in the world. Pass By: Andrassy Avenue Drive along the historic Avenue in the heart of Budapest. Stop At: Heroes' Square Take a break at this iconic spot of the city and make photos of historical figures of Hungarian history. Duration: 15 minutes Admission Ticket Free Stop At: St. Stephen's Basilica (Szent Istvan Bazilika) Enter the largest Roman Catholic church of Budapest and discover the beauty of this unique construction. Duration: 20 minutes Admission Ticket Free Stop At: Budapest At the end of the sightseeing tour, enjoy your free time in the downtown area with a large number of shops and restaurants. Duration: 2 hours 30 minutes Admission Ticket Free

Think Tanks
Wikipedia
Evidence has been found of continuous habitation in the Vienna area since 500 BC, when Celts settled the site on the Danube.[34] In 15 BC, the Romans fortified the frontier city they called Vindobona to guard the empire against Germanic tribes to the north.

Close ties with other Celtic peoples continued through the ages. The Irish monk Saint Colman (or Koloman, Irish Colmán, derived from colm ""dove"") is buried in Melk Abbey and Saint Fergil (Virgil the Geometer) served as Bishop of Salzburg for forty years. Irish Benedictines founded twelfth-century monastic settlements; evidence of these ties persists in the form of Vienna's great Schottenstift monastery (Scots Abbey), once home to many Irish monks.

In 976, Leopold I of Babenberg became count of the Eastern March, a district centered on the Danube on the eastern frontier of Bavaria. This initial district grew into the duchy of Austria. Each succeeding Babenberg ruler expanded the march east along the Danube, eventually encompassing Vienna and the lands immediately east. In 1145, Duke Henry II Jasomirgott moved the Babenberg family residence from Klosterneuburg in Lower Austria to Vienna. From that time, Vienna remained the center of the Babenberg dynasty.[35]

In 1440, Vienna became the resident city of the Habsburg dynasty. It eventually grew to become the de facto capital of the Holy Roman Empire (800–1806) in 1437 and a cultural center for arts and science, music and fine cuisine. Hungary occupied the city between 1485 and 1490.

In the 16th and 17th centuries Christian forces twice stopped Ottoman armies outside Vienna, in the 1529 Siege of Vienna and the 1683 Battle of Vienna. The Great Plague of Vienna ravaged the city in 1679, killing nearly a third of its population.[36]

Austrian Empire and the early 20th century
In 1804, during the Napoleonic Wars, Vienna became the capital of the newly formed Austrian Empire. The city continued to play a major role in European and world politics, including hosting the Congress of Vienna in 1814–15. The city also saw major uprisings against Hapsburg rule in 1848, which were suppressed. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, Vienna remained the capital of what became the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city functioned as a center of classical music, for which the title of the First Viennese School (Haydn/Mozart/Beethoven) is sometimes applied.

During the latter half of the 19th century, Vienna developed what had previously been the bastions and glacis into the Ringstraße, a new boulevard surrounding the historical town and a major prestige project. Former suburbs were incorporated, and the city of Vienna grew dramatically. In 1918, after World War I, Vienna became capital of the Republic of German-Austria, and then in 1919 of the First Republic of Austria.

From the late-19th century to 1938, the city remained a center of high culture and of modernism. A world capital of music, Vienna played host to composers such as Brahms, Bruckner, Mahler and Richard Strauss. The city's cultural contributions in the first half of the 20th century included, among many, the Vienna Secession movement in art, psychoanalysis, the Second Viennese School (Schoenberg, Berg, Webern), the architecture of Adolf Loos and the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle. In 1913 Adolf Hitler, Leon Trotsky, Josip Broz Tito, Sigmund Freud and Joseph Stalin all lived within a few kilometers of each other in central Vienna, some of them becoming regulars at the same coffeehouses.[37] Austrians came to regard Vienna as a center of socialist politics, sometimes referred to as ""Red Vienna"" (Das rote Wien). In the Austrian Civil War of 1934 Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss sent the Austrian Army to shell civilian housing such as the Karl Marx-Hof occupied by the socialist militia.

Anschluss and World War II
Main article: Anschluss
In 1938, after a triumphant entry into Austria, the Austrian-born German Chancellor Adolf Hitler spoke to the Austrian Germans from the balcony of the Neue Burg, a part of the Hofburg at the Heldenplatz. In the ensuing days the new Nazi authorities oversaw the harassment of Viennese Jews, the looting of their homes, and their on-going deportation and murder.[38][need quotation to verify][39] Between 1938 (after the Anschluss) and the end of the Second World War in 1945, Vienna lost its status as a capital to Berlin, because Austria ceased to exist and became part of Nazi Germany.

During the November pogroms on November 9, 1938, 92 synagogues in Vienna were destroyed. Only the city temple in the 1st district was spared, as the data of all Jews in Vienna were collected in the adjacent archives. Adolf Eichmann held office in the expropriated Palais Rothschild and organized the expropriation and persecution of the Jews. Of the almost 200,000 Jews in Vienna, around 120,000 were driven to emigrate and around 65,000 were killed. After the end of the war, the Jewish population of Vienna was about only 5,000.[40][41][42][43]

Vienna was also the center of the important resistance group around Heinrich Maier, which provided the Allies with plans for V-1, V-2 rockets, Peenemünde, Tiger tanks, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet and other aircraft. The information was important to Operation Crossbow and Operation Hydra, both preliminary missions for Operation Overlord. In addition, factory locations for war-essential products were communicated as targets for the Allied Air Force. The group was exposed and most of its members were executed after months of torture by the Gestapo in Vienna.[44][45][46][47] The group around the later executed Karl Burian even tried to blow up the Gestapo headquarters in the Hotel Metropole.[48]

On 2 April 1945, the Soviet Red Army launched the Vienna Offensive against the Germans holding the city and besieged it. British and American air-raids, as well as artillery duels between the Red Army and the SS and Wehrmacht, crippled infrastructure, such as tram services and water- and power-distribution, and destroyed or damaged thousands of public and private buildings. The Red Army was helped by an Austrian resistance group in the German Wehrmacht. The group tried under the code name Radetzky to prevent the destruction and fighting in the city. Vienna fell eleven days later.[49] At the end of the war, Austria again became separated from Germany, and Vienna regained its status as the capital city of the Republic of Austria, but the Soviet hold[citation needed] on the city remained until 1955, when Austria regained full sovereignty.

Four-power Vienna
Further information: Allied-occupied Austria
After the war, Vienna was part of Soviet-occupied Eastern Austria until September 1945. As in Berlin, Vienna in September 1945 was divided into sectors by the four powers: the US, the UK, France, and the Soviet Union and supervised by an Allied Commission. The four-power occupation of Vienna differed in one key respect from that of Berlin: the central area of the city, known as the first district, constituted an international zone in which the four powers alternated control on a monthly basis. The control was policed by the four powers on a de facto day-to-day basis, the famous ""four soldiers in a jeep"" method.[50] The Berlin Blockade of 1948 raised Western concerns that the Soviets might repeat the blockade in Vienna. The matter was raised in the UK House of Commons by MP Anthony Nutting, who asked: ""What plans have the Government for dealing with a similar situation in Vienna? Vienna is in exactly a similar position to Berlin.""[51]

There was a lack of airfields in the Western sectors, and authorities drafted contingency plans to deal with such a blockade. Plans included the laying down of metal landing mats at Schönbrunn. The Soviets did not blockade the city. The Potsdam Agreement included written rights of land access to the western sectors, whereas no such written guarantees had covered the western sectors of Berlin. Also, there was no precipitating event to cause a blockade in Vienna. (In Berlin, the Western powers had introduced a new currency in early 1948 to economically freeze out the Soviets.) During the 10 years of the four-power occupation, Vienna became a hotbed for international espionage between the Western and Eastern blocs. In the wake of the Berlin Blockade, the Cold War in Vienna took on a different dynamic. While accepting that Germany and Berlin would be divided, the Soviets had decided against allowing the same state of affairs to arise in Austria and Vienna. Here, the Soviet forces controlled districts 2, 4, 10, 20, 21, and 22 and all areas incorporated into Vienna in 1938.

Barbed wire fences were installed around the perimeter of West Berlin in 1953, but not in Vienna. By 1955, the Soviets, by signing the Austrian State Treaty, agreed to relinquish their occupation zones in Eastern Austria as well as their sector in Vienna. In exchange they required that Austria declare its permanent neutrality after the allied powers had left the country. Thus they ensured that Austria would not be a member of NATO and that NATO forces would therefore not have direct communications between Italy and West Germany.

The atmosphere of four-power Vienna is the background for Graham Greene's screenplay for the film The Third Man (1949). Later he adapted the screenplay as a novel and published it. Occupied Vienna is also depicted in the 1991 Philip Kerr novel, A German Requiem.

Austrian State Treaty and afterwards
The four-power control of Vienna lasted until the Austrian State Treaty was signed in May 1955. That year, after years of reconstruction and restoration, the State Opera and the Burgtheater, both on the Ringstraße, reopened to the public. The Soviet Union signed the State Treaty only after having been provided with a political guarantee by the federal government to declare Austria's neutrality after the withdrawal of the allied troops. This law of neutrality, passed in late October 1955 (and not the State Treaty itself), ensured that modern Austria would align with neither NATO nor the Soviet bloc, and is considered one of the reasons for Austria's delayed entry into the European Union in 1995.

In the 1970s, Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky inaugurated the Vienna International Center, a new area of the city created to host international institutions. Vienna has regained much of its former international stature by hosting international organizations, such as the United Nations (United Nations Industrial Development Organization, United Nations Office at Vienna and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime), the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.